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Adolescent Health Care


Who Needs to Know? Confidentiality in Adolescent Sexual Health

When it comes to sexual health care, what are adolescents' views of confidentiality? What are the limits of confidentiality in the health care context, and how can providers improve their practice to build trust? ACT for Youth reviewed recent research to find out.


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ACT for Youth Highlight
Contraceptive Counseling and Methods in Brief
When considering birth control, youth may have priorities beyond effectiveness rates. Part One of this article points to issues for contraceptive counselors and educators to consider. Part Two is a reference for methods currently available.


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Sexual Health: Clinical Tools and Patient Education

On this page, we connect to tools and resources clinicians can use to promote adolescent sexual health. Clinical topic areas include contraception, abortion, and STDs. Scroll down for patient education, parent handouts, teaching materials, and resources specific to New York State.

Adolescent Sexual Health

Sexual and Reproductive Health Care: Best Practices for Adolescents and Adults (PDF)
New York City Health Department: This guide sets forth best practices for sexual and reproductive health. It focuses on contraceptive care and the prevention, screening, and testing of STDs and HIV. It is intended as a reference tool for health care providers in settings such as Primary Care, Internal Medicine, Urgent/Emergency Care, Family Medicine, Pediatrics, Adolescent Health, Family Planning, Abortion Care, Gynecology, Labor and Delivery, Obstetrics/Maternal-Fetal Medicine, and Pre/Postpartum Care.

Adolescent and Young Adult Clinical Care Resources
Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine (SAHM): Here SAHM has compiled clinical care guidelines and other resources for health care professionals who serve youth.

Tools for Treating Adolescent Male Patients
American Sexual Health Association: Taking care of young males is often a challenge, since most young men do not visit their health care providers on a regular basis. This tool, a companion piece to an assessment for young male patients, is meant to trigger questions you may want to ask, even for patients in the office for a simple sports physical.


Quick Start Algorithm
Reproductive Health Access Project: This clinical guide explains how health care providers can initiate birth control use on the day of an office visit, at any point in the patient's menstrual cycle. Studies show that women are three times more likely to adhere to contraception using this Quick Start method than the Sunday start method.

Quick Reference Guide for Clinicians: Choosing a Birth Control Method
Association of Reproductive Health Professionals: This reference guide for clinicians provides brief information about all contraceptive methods currently available in the United States. It is designed to help health care providers quickly counsel women about choosing appropriate and effective contraception.

Summary Chart of U.S. Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use (PDF)
CDC: This 2016 chart outlines recommendations for use of specific contraceptive methods by women and men who have certain characteristics or medical conditions. For more information, including a link to the chart in Spanish, visit the CDC: Reproductive Health.

FAQ: Emergency Contraception and Age Restrictions (PDF)
Reproductive Health Technologies Project: This 2016 fact sheet briefly discusses the types of emergency contraception available (including Plan B One-Step®, ella®, and ParaGard®) and the history of product restrictions. Note that there is no longer any age restriction on over-the-counter purchase of Plan B® and its generics.

Contraceptive Pearls
Reproductive Health Access Project: This monthly e-letter for clinicians contains up-to-date contraceptive information on a wide range of topics such as non-prescription birth control methods, IUDs for teens, and fertility following IUD use.


Medication Abortion: State Laws and Policies
Guttmacher Institute: The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the use of mifepristone for early nonsurgical abortion in 2000. On this page, the Guttmacher Institute summarizes state laws and policies affecting the provision of medication abortion.

Parental Involvement in Minors' Abortions
Guttmacher Institute: Many states require parental involvement in a minor's decision to have an abortion. On this page, the Guttmacher Institute summarizes state requirements.

National Abortion Federation (NAF): Health Care Professionals
NAF: NAF develops educational resources and provides continuing medical education for health care professionals. Publications and research provide data and evidence-based resources on all aspects of abortion care and delivery.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)

STDs: Adolescents and Young Adults
CDC: STDs take an especially heavy toll on young people. Find links here to CDC resources, including STD Treatment Guidelines for Adolescents.

STDs Treatment Guidelines, 2015 (PDF)
CDC: This issue of Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report covers guidelines for treatment of people at risk for STDs. It is an update of the 2010 guidelines.

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccination Schedules and Recommendations
CDC: The CDC recommends that clinicians avoid missed opportunities by strongly recommending the HPV vaccine to parents of 11-12 year-olds on the same day and in the same way that they recommend Tdap and meningococcal vaccines.

Talking to Parents about HPV Vaccine (PDF)
CDC: Receiving a recommendation for vaccination from a clinician is the main reason parents choose to vaccinate their children. This document presents common questions and possible responses that clinicians can use to encourage vaccination. (See below for parent handouts.)

Patient Education: Handouts and Resources

Your Birth Control Choices Fact Sheet
Reproductive Health Access Project: This patient fact sheet compares different birth control choices in a colorful and easy-to-read chart. Available in English, Spanish, Simplified Chinese, Traditional Chinese, and Portuguese.

Safety Card: Hanging Out or Hooking Up?
Futures Without Violence: This card challenges teens to consider how their partner treats them, identifying dynamics of healthy relationships and signs that may indicate abuse. Tips are provided to those wanting to support a friend who may be facing relationship abuse. The card lists national toll-free hotlines for support specific to dating abuse, suicide prevention, teen runaway, rape, incest, and abuse. It may be distributed directly to youth, or stocked in bathrooms or health care exam rooms for people to take individually. Available in English and Spanish.

I'm Pregnant. Now What?
Planned Parenthood Federation of America (PPFA): On this website, PPFA provides teen-friendly, supportive information on all pregnancy options.

It's Your (Sex) Life
MTV: It's Your (Sex) Life is MTV's Emmy and Peabody Award-winning public information campaign to support young people in making responsible decisions about their sexual health. The campaign focuses on reducing unintended pregnancy, preventing the spread of STDs, including HIV/AIDS, and promoting open communication with partners and health care providers.

Parent Handouts

Human Papillomavirus: Materials to Give to Parents
CDC: Providing educational resources to parents will help them understand the importance of vaccinating their children and answer many of their questions about vaccination. This page offers a variety of fact sheets that may be helpful to parents.

Teaching Materials

CORE: Curricula Organizer for Reproductive Health Education
Association of Reproductive Health Professionals: CORE is an open access tool for building scientific presentations on the full spectrum of reproductive health topics from a collection of peer-reviewed, evidence-based materials.

New York State Resources

Family Planning Benefit Program (FPBP)
The FPBP is a public health insurance program for New Yorkers who need family planning services but may not be able to afford them. It is intended to increase access to confidential family planning services and to enable teens, women, and men to prevent and/or reduce the incidence of unintentional pregnancies. FPBP factsheets are available in English (PDF) and Spanish (PDF).

New York City STD Prevention Training Center (NYC PTC)
Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health: The NYC PTC is dedicated to increasing the sexual health knowledge and skills of medical health professionals in the prevention, diagnosis, screening, management, and treatment of STDs. The center offers classroom and web-based courses, hands-on training, clinical consults, and technical assistance to clinicians. One of eight regional training centers funded by the CDC, the NYC PTC serves New York State and beyond.

Expedited Partner Therapy (EPT) Guidelines for Health Care Providers in NYS for Chlamydia Trachomatis
New York State Department of Health: EPT is a strategy for treating the sex partner(s) of persons diagnosed with Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct). EPT allows health care providers to provide patients with medication or a prescription for Ct treatment to deliver to his or her sex partner(s) without a prior medical evaluation or clinical assessment of those partners.

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